What is Google Algorithm? – Top Algorithms Explained

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Understanding Google Algorithm is one of the key factors of SEO techniques. However, before getting into the Google algorithm, let’s look at what an algorithm is. An algorithm is a process used to perform a computation or to solve a problem. In either hardware or software routines, algorithms function as a detailed data sequence that carries out predetermined operations sequentially. Similarly, the Google algorithm gives instructions to search engines and determines which to show on the result pages. The blog will provide you with a detailed explanation of what is google algorithm and the top Google algorithms below.

What is Google Algorithm?

What is Google Algorithm

Google uses a set of guidelines known as algorithms to rank websites in search results. Google’s advanced systems extract data from pages to understand what users seek and rank pages according to relevance and quality.

The fundamental definition and guideline of an algorithm we outlined is what Google’s algorithms adhere to. Look back to the last time you used Google to search. You had millions of options to pick from when you typed “shoe retailers in Birmingham” in the search engine.

Search results are delivered by Google using a highly complex algorithm, which is updated quite often. And even though the organisation doesn’t disclose its actual algorithm, the following factors definitely affect how well a page performs for particular keywords:

  • Title, header tags, and metadata of the page containing the term
  • The number of organic links that are on the page
  • the functionality of the website on mobile devices, such as tablets and smartphones

These qualities are obviously just a few that the Google algorithm considers when deciding how to deliver and rank pages.

What is Google Algorithm for SEO?

Keywords are used by the Google algorithm to determine page ranks, as was already explained. SEO is the most effective approach to ranking for particular keywords. Search Engine Optimisation is a technique for informing Google that a site or web page is about a specific subject matter.

Many websites used to “keyword stuff” their material back in the day. In essence, they believed that the Google algorithm would believe that the page should be given greater importance if it had more terms of keywords.

When Google noticed this, it changed its algorithm to penalise sites that use keyword stuffing and other “black hat” SEO techniques. Because of this, you should avoid using any strategy designed to trick search engines. Google will ultimately catch on to what you are trying to accomplish, even if they don’t immediately notice, and your website will get penalised.

Major Google Algorithms that Everyone Should Know

Major Google Algorithms that Everyone Should Know

Whenever someone searches on Google, algorithms are employed to provide the best outcome or result. In addition to using multiple algorithms to do this task, it also verifies the rank of the websites that are returned after the task. Google frequently makes significant updates to its algorithm.

The majorly used Google algorithms are

  • Panda update
  • Penguin update
  • Pigeon update
  • Hummingbird
  • Rank Brain
  • Exact match domain (EMD)

Panda Update

The Panda algorithm was one of the leading Google algorithms upgrades that went live. This algorithm’s main goal was to penalise websites with poor SEO content, duplicate material, thin content, poor user-generated content, content that didn’t match the search query, a high ad-to-content ratio, and other issues.

This algorithm’s original name for the update was “Farmer.” given that the website’s content was its primary focus. For instance, any website that plagiarises information and produces identical content. Google claims that Panda’s algorithm change impacted 12% of English search searches.

Penguin Update

penguin update

The organic search results have changed significantly as a result of Google’s Penguin upgrade. According to Google’s rules, when the Penguin update went live, websites adopting black hat SEO tactics, including keyword stuffing, cloaking, and the use of link schemes for link building, were penalised.

The Panda update focused on “thin content,” often known as the quantity of content value on a page. The Penguin update continued the Panda update.

The Penguin update’s primary objective was to understand better how to counteract the effectiveness of Black Hat SEO tactics. The Penguin upgrade was introduced after they initially started with the Panda update but ran into a number of difficulties with the material.

The Penguin algorithm update only affects the incoming links to the website; it does not affect the external links. It deals with and evaluates naturally formed connections, real links, and the relevance of the links acquired.

Humming Bird Update

Penguin and Panda are two of the most important updates that Google has made to its search algorithm. The Hummingbird update differs from them in that it is a new algorithm rather than an addition. Google Hummingbird will offer users a more mobile-friendly search experience with the addition of roughly 200 features to its UI.

Its most notable feature was the Hummingbird update’s attempt to identify the motivation behind search queries. Prior to the Google Hummingbird update, searches tended to be keyword-focused, requiring additional queries to produce the desired results. Google Hummingbird offers today’s thorough response.

Pigeon Update

Google Pigeon substantially altered how local businesses appeared in organic search results to enhance users’ overall local search experience. Google Pigeon’s primary goal is to boost local search results. Several local company owners will benefit from it. It enables them to spread public knowledge of their goods and services. With this improvement, local searches have reached entirely new heights.

Rank Brain Update

rank brain update

A component of the Humming Bird upgrade is Rank Brain. The third most significant signal influencing the search query is the Rank Brain update. A revision that provides great results for the searcher’s query. A machine-learning artificial intelligence technology certainly aids Google in deciphering the intent beneath user inquiries.

According to Google, the Rank Brain update is the third most significant ranking component. Although Rank Brain is entirely beyond our comprehension, the prevailing consensus is that it determines the pertinent query-specific ranking components for web pages according to a given query. With this update, Google has developed its intelligence, so if you searched for “sneakers,” it also returned results for running shoes.

Exact Match Domain (EMD)

The EMD Update, which stands for Exact Match Domain, was implemented to stop low-quality websites from ranking highly because their domain names contained words matching search queries. Sites that have enhanced their content may regain good results after a new EMD Update. New websites with subpar content or previously overlooked content might be discovered.


Hopefully, you now better understand how Google’s search algorithms operate. Remember to keep the user at the centre of your efforts if you’re ever in question. You’ll soon start to notice better results if you can comprehend what their demands are and focus your efforts on meeting those needs.

Dinesh Kumar VM

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