What is Search Engine and How does it Work?

What is Search Engine and How does it Work
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A Search Engine is a tool that is used for the purpose of looking at websites that you need. Using the user’s search query, a search engine is an online tool that looks for websites on the internet. Using particular search methods, it finds the results in its own database, sorts them, and creates an ordered list of them.

Although there are many different search engines (such as Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc.) around the globe, they all operate on the same basic searching and answering concepts. This article describes what is search engines and how it works.

What is Search Engine and How does it Work?

What is Search Engine?

Search Engine is a software program that is used to provide information according to a user-queries in the search tab. The Search Engine finds the various web Pages and Sites that are related to the search intent of the user to display the results.

What is Search Engine

The main purpose of the Search Engine is to collect a huge number of information and solutions and to categorize it according to the content to help the user who is looking for solutions or information.

How does Search Engine Work?

The search Engines are mainly working on three parts and they are,

1. Crawling

A variety of computer programs are used by search engines to locate materials that are freely accessible on the internet. These tools search the internet and compile a list of every website that is accessible. Then they go to each website and read the HTML code to determine,

  • The layout of the page
  • The type of material
  • What it means
  • When it was first published or updated.

crawling is a crucial process because it makes sure that they can access your website properly should be your top priority when optimizing it for search engines.

The Search Engine won’t rank your website or visit your website if they can’t find your material.

How does Search Engine Work

2. Indexing

In order for the ranking system to process the data that the crawler found later, it needs to be

  • Sorted
  • Categorized
  • Stored

Even though search engines do not maintain every piece of information in your index, they do keep items like the page’s title and description, its type of content, and its associated keywords.

The ranking algorithm requires a large number of factors, including the number of incoming and outgoing links. Indexing is important for your website. Your website won’t show up for any searches if it is not in their index, having any pages indexed increases your chances of showing up in the search results for a related query.

3. Ranking

The Ranking is the position of your website in the Search Engine list. And to determine the process the steps included are,

  • Step 1: Determining the type of information the user is seeking by analyzing their search query. In order to do that, Search Engine deconstructs the user’s query into a variety of useful terms to get related web pages or sites. And the broken terms are called a keyword. A keyword is a word with a particular meaning and use, as when you enter how to make a cake, search engines know you are seeking a specific answer and will return recipes. Search Engines also interpret the spelling mistakes enough to relate the sites.
  • Step 2: Find pages that match the user search intent by looking through their index to identify the related webpage.
  • Step 3: Then the search engine results in the page to the user which includes the most organic traffic, Paid ads, and Direct Answers.

Components of Search Engine

The components included in Search Engine are,

  • Web Crawler: It is a software known as bat or spider that is used by Search Engines to gather information by crawling through the world wide web.
  • Database: database is used to store the information that is obtained by crawling the internet.
  • Search Interface: It is used as an interface to the database to search through the database.

 What is Search Engine Algorithm?

A Search Engine Algorithm is a complex system used for the purpose of evaluating the indexed pages to conclude which page should appear at the top of the results page.

what is search engine

Some of the factors that are considered in the Search Engine Algorithm are,

Meaning of the Query – To understand the word that the user entered in the search intent

Page relevance – Search Engines need to determine the page whether the page is relevant to the user’s search intent

Content Quality – It considers the webpage is a good source of the quality of backlinks that it has

Page Usability – Search Engines consider quality such as page speed, responsiveness, and security

Usage of Search Engine

People use Search Engines for the most number of purposes, and some of them are

  • Searching for Information
  • Searching for Images and Videos
  • Searching Locations
  • Searching People
  • Education and entertainment


By the use of this blog, you may get information about Search Engines and how it works. You can also able to get how the Search Engine results in the page in the search engine result page and the process behind the search engine to crawl, index, and rank the web pages or sites.

Dinesh Kumar VM

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